Tracing route to d153h11.resnet.uconn.edu [126.96.36.199] over a maximum of 30 hops: 1 11 ms 11 ms 10 ms 10.24.0.1 2 169 ms 227 ms 192 ms 188.8.131.52 3 235 ms 227 ms 246 ms gbr1-a80s21.n54ny.ip.att.net [184.108.40.206] 4 241 ms 258 ms 295 ms gbr3-p70.n54ny.ip.att.net [220.127.116.11] 5 294 ms 248 ms 319 ms gbr3-p30.wswdc.ip.att.net [18.104.22.168] 6 257 ms 286 ms 277 ms gbr4-p60.wswdc.ip.att.net [22.214.171.124] 7 293 ms 266 ms 253 ms gbr4-p90.attga.ip.att.net [126.96.36.199] 8 324 ms * 183 ms ggr1-p370.attga.ip.att.net [188.8.131.52] 9 212 ms 257 ms 321 ms atl-brdr-03.inet.qwest.net [184.108.40.206] 10 374 ms 395 ms 344 ms atl-core-03.inet.qwest.net [220.127.116.11] 11 314 ms 346 ms 228 ms atl-core-01.inet.qwest.net [18.104.22.168] 12 332 ms 394 ms 375 ms wdc-core-03.inet.qwest.net [22.214.171.124] 13 341 ms 322 ms 308 ms wdc-core-02.inet.qwest.net [126.96.36.199] 14 372 ms 365 ms 283 ms jfk-core-01.inet.qwest.net [188.8.131.52] 15 * 165 ms 261 ms jfk-edge-11.inet.qwest.net [184.108.40.206] 16 222 ms 254 ms 342 ms 220.127.116.11 17 230 ms 254 ms 205 ms 18.104.22.168 18 * 378 ms 352 ms d153h11.resnet.uconn.edu [22.214.171.124] Trace complete. C:\WINDOWS\Desktop>
What it means:
What this program says is that first, my data leaves the charter cable modem router in willimantic and goes onto the Earthlink network. The number
10.24.0.1 is the router here in Willimantic and
126.96.36.199 is the point where it leaves the Earthlink network and enters the AT&T network at
gbr1-a80s21.n54ny.ip.att.net as indicated by the
ny in the hostname.
Since UConn is on a different network than the charter pipeline service, I would expect that any data sent between me and UConn would need to switch networks to arrive at its destination. So my data then goes to New York City on the AT&T network and is transferred from NYC to a router in Washington DC
wdc in the hostname indicates Washington DC). Washington DC appears to be a hub for most networks including Qwest, which i'll describe later.
So then inside the AT&T network, my data is sent to Atlanta
gbr4-p90.attga.ip.att.net. In Atlanta, my data enters the Qwest network
atl-brdr-03.inet.qwest.net. I'm not sure what the border, core, and edge labels on the Qwest hostnames indicate, however they seem to show which part of the Qwest network the router is part of. The core seems to mean that the router is connected only to other routers that are part of the Qwest network. The border seems to indicate where data enters the network and the edge seems to indicate where it leaves the network to enter another network.
My data is now in Atlanta inside the Qwest network. It then goes back to Washington DC
wdc-core-03.inet.qwest.net. And from Washington, it then goes to JFK airport in New York City
jfk-core-01.inet.qwest.net. From JFK it leaves the Qwest network and enters a nameless router, which appears to link UConn to the Qwest network. Then it reaches a router at UConn
188.8.131.52. And from this router is goes directly a residential hall
To sum up the trip my data took from Willimantic to Storrs, which is a distance of only 8 miles, it left Willimantic and went to New York City (142 miles). Then to Washington DC (232 miles) and on to Atlanta (637 miles) where it switched networks and came back to Washington DC (637 miles). Then it went to JFK airport (234 miles) and finally to a residence hall in Storrs (141 miles). A trip of 2023 miles or 3,255,702 meters. Traveling at the speed of light, it takes 10ms round trip... with the exception of stops. each stop at a router adds time.
Here are some references: